Summary of Week 3 Activities:
After studying Chapter 4 – Jung: Analytical Psychology, students should be able to:
After studying Chapter 6 – Horney: Psychoanalytical Social Theory, students should be able to:
Please proceed to the lecture.
Psychodynamic Theory: Jung and Horney
Many of Freud’s original followers eventually split from a traditional psychodynamic approach due to differences in the emphasis placed on sexual and aggressive instincts. These early theorists are often referred to as Neo-Freudians as they share Freud’s focus on unconscious influence and intrapsychic conflict, but they take a new perspectives in examining personality motivation.
This week, we will examine Jung’s and Horney’s contributions to the psychodynamic theory of personality to gain a thorough understanding of analytical and psychoanalytical social psychologies.
To get started, read Chapter 4 – Jung: Analytical Psychology and Chapter 6 – Horney: Psychoanalytical Social Psychology.
|Jung believed that the unconscious was a powerful influence on the formation of personality and the forces that motivate behavior. View the video “Jung’s Understanding of the Unconscious” (text version) for a detailed examination of the role of the unconscious. A key feature of his theory, is the differentiation between the personal unconscious and the collective unconscious. The personal unconscious is unique to each individual and is made up of personal experiences. The collective unconscious is a “shared” component of everyone’s unconscious that includes universal elements passed from generations of ancestors.|
|persona||The persona is often called the “mask” of personality as it contains the aspects of our self (roles, attitudes, behaviors, etc.) that we are willing to show the outside world.|
|shadow||The shadow is considered the persona’s evil twin as it contains the aspects of our personality that we wish to hide or disguise from our self and others.|
|anima||The feminine aspect of a man’s personality representing irrational moods and emotions.|
|animus||The masculine aspect of a woman’s personality symbolic of logic, thinking, and reasoning.|
|self||The innate, inherited potential for total growth and completion. The self moves us toward an individual perfection achieved through the unity of the other archetypes.|
The aspect of Jung’s theory that is most popular in modern psychology is the explanation of psychological types formed through the relationship between attitudes and functions. The following presentation highlights the formation of the eight Jungian personality types:
|Children are born with basic needs (safety and satisfaction) and rely on their parents to create a loving, affectionate environment in which these needs can be met. When the needs are met, children have a solid basis for healthy personality growth and development. But, when these needs are not met, children develop a resentment toward the parents; Horney termed this resentment basic hostility. Because children are in a helpless position in relation to their parents, they are unable to express this hostility and respond by withdrawing. This, in turn, leads the child to develop basic anxiety which is characterized by feelings of insecurity and isolation.|
Horney believed that personality develops as a consequence of the attempt to deal with basic anxiety; she called these attempts neurotic needs. The neurotic needs can be grouped into three neurotic trends or fundamental styles of relating to people: moving toward people, moving against people, and moving away from people. The following chart shows the relationship between neurotic needs and neurotic trends.
All individuals possess one of the fundamental styles of relating to people as basic conflict cannot be completely avoided. A person with a healthy personality shows spontaneous movement and operates within a socially-acceptable range of behaviors. The neurotic individual, on the other hand, is compulsive and tends to take an extreme position when forming interpersonal relationships. For example:
|moving toward||friendly, loving, affectionate, warm||compliant, clingy, codependent|
|moving against||competitive, goal-oriented||aggressive, hostile, angry|
|moving away from||autonoumus, serene, independent||detached, isolated, emotionally-distant|
Horney’s theories continue to have an influence in the training of therapists and in our understanding of personality.
Questions for further thought:
When you have finished with the readings and lecture material, you can proceed to the activities associated with this week’s work. You will need to:
Jung used the term “persona” to mean the face or facade that we hold out to the world. The “persona” is that version of the self, the image or picture of the self, that we want, expect, and demand that others see. The “shadow” is that part of the self that we do not expect or want or allow others to see. The “shadow” consists of all that is hidden and held away from view, all that is secret and behind closed doors. We certainly don’t want others (in most day-to-day situations, and, certainly not in our professional lives) to see our faults and failings, doubts and confusions, and we most certainly don’t expect the world to have access to our fantasies and imaginings (or even that we have them). As Jung explained, everyone has a persona and a shadow, these are universal to all mankind.
Your task for this week is to identify examples (either in movies, books, the popular media, or your own life) in which the “shadow” has revealed itself over the persona. As you look for your examples, reflect on the following questions:
You do NOT need to answer these questions individually, use the questions as a basis to form a reaction/explanation to the example your have identified. I would like you to share your example and provide your reflections on the relationship between the persona and the shadow specific to your example. At the end of your posting, please pose a follow-up question to the class. Finally, respond to TWO of the questions posed by your peers.
General Discussion Reminders:
You are required to post your initial answers by Friday at midnight; your comments on the postings of your classmates are due on Sunday at midnight. Please be sure that your comments to peers are substantive; in other words, do not simply write “I agree”; if you agree, go on to expand your comments and add your own insights.
I will use the following grading rubric to score your discussion postings:
NOTE: Post your initial comments to the discussion by clicking on the first “Respond” link below. To give feedback to a classmate’s post, click on the “Respond” link below his/her comment.
FOR GROUP DISCUSSION:
||Weeks 4 through 6, we are going to engage in weekly “topic debates.” The weekly debate topic will involve an in-depth investigation of a controversial topic relevant to the field of personality psychology. Each of you will be assigned to a group; you will debate against the other group in THREE weekly debates (the groups will be posted in an announcement on the course homepage…either Group A or Group B).
In addition to providing an opportunity to engage in a lively debate on a topic relevant to personality psychology, the debates also requires you to fine-tune your skills in online communication. As such, a secondary goal of this project is effectively online peer-to-peer collaboration. Like all professional interactions and debates, the interdependent nature of the project is often more challenging than the topic you are focusing on. This type of communication is even more challenging in the online world; be sure that you debate in a professional, courteous manner. There is a separate Group A & Group B posting to coordinate your efforts.
How the debates work:
Points to keep in mind:
|Week 4||Is personality a stable construct that is formed in childhood and remains relatively constant throughout the lifespan?|
|Week 5||Are parents responsible for the personality development and subsequent behavior of their children?|
|Week 6||Should a person be held legally responsible for criminal acts committed by their unconscious (or unconscious aspects of their personality)?|
Grading Rubric: 10 points per week (week 4, 5, and 6)
Points Per Week
|correctly finds, interprets and utilizes relevant information (minimum 1 source)||
|able to communicate information in a persuasive manner||
|debate information is creative and interesting||
|correct use of grammar, spelling and APA style||
|individual response to the three weekly debates
|Total points times 3 for 30 points possible Week 3: Psychodynamic Theory: Jung and Horney – Group A – Discussion
Group A, you are assigned to the following sides of topic debates starting week 4 to week 6.
This page is available to your group members and the instructor. The other group cannot see anything here.
Feel free to say hi to your members before the debate.
Starting week 4, you will work as a group to coordinate all your thoughts to compose ONE group persuasive information.
Why Work with Us
Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers
We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.
Professional and Experienced Academic Writers
We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.
Free Unlimited Revisions
If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.
Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee
All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.
Original & Confidential
We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.
24/7 Customer Support
Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.
Try it now!
How it works?
Follow these simple steps to get your paper done
Place your order
Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.
Proceed with the payment
Choose the payment system that suits you most.
Receive the final file
Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.
No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.
No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.
Admission Essays & Business Writing Help
An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.
Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.
If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.