How to write a thesis statement for cause and effect essays


A cause and effect essay is a type of academic essay that explores the relationship between two or more things. In this type of essay, you will compare or contrast two things (or more) in order to show how your particular topic affects the outcome. The purpose of writing this type of paper is to understand how one thing leads to another, as well as what changes might be made if those two things were put into different situations.

What is a cause and effect essay

A cause and effect essay is a type of analytical essay that explains the causes and effects of a particular situation. In other words, it can be written in a number of ways, but is generally structured as an introductory paragraph that explains the cause and its relationship to your thesis statement. The second part should follow with one or more paragraphs explaining how this event affected you personally or professionally (or both).

cause and effect essay

How to write a cause and effect essay outline

The first thing you should do when writing a cause and effect essay outline is to think about what you would like to write about. If your thesis statement has already been written, then it’s always good practice to check for any errors or typos before starting on the rest of your paper.

Once that step has been completed, it’s time to start outlining in earnest. Start by brainstorming ideas for possible topics within this area (e.g., “How does smoking affect health?”). Then use these ideas as inspiration for creating an outline that will help guide how much space each topic should get in order for them all not feel crowded together or unnecessarily long-winded when read back through at some point later down the line!

Cause and effect thesis statement examples

A cause and effect essay can have more than one thesis statement depending on the number of causes or effects being discussed. For example, if you’re writing about two causes (a) and (b), then your first cause sentence would be:

  • A is correlated with B.
  • In this case, we’re talking about how one thing affects another thing in some way. This can also be expressed as “A causes B.” The second cause sentence would read:
  • B is correlated with C.

A cause and effect essay can have more than one thesis statement

A cause and effect essay can have more than one thesis statement depending on the number of causes or effects being discussed. The topic, direction, and tone of your essay will determine how many thesis statements you need to make.

To write a good thesis statement for a cause and effect essay:

  • Make sure your topic has been clearly stated as soon as possible in your introduction (paragraph 1). If not, read back over it so that it’s clear what you’re going to talk about later in the paper.
  • Determine whether there is any direction at all for this piece – what do you want readers to take away from reading this particular paragraph? What do they need to know before moving forward with their reading experience?


A cause and effect essay is similar to a cause and effect paragraph in that it consists of two independent clauses with one topic sentence. The first clause provides a definition or explanation of the effect, while the second clause elaborates on how that effect came about.

For example, if you are writing about how hurricanes can affect people’s lives, then your first sentence would be an explanation such as “Hurricanes cause destruction because they can blow apart buildings and trees…” or “Hurricanes blow apart buildings because wind speeds reach 200 miles per hour (321 km/h).” Your second sentence would elaborate further by saying something like “When there’s heavy rain falling from storm clouds at high altitudes over land masses with little vegetation cover nearby such as Asia Minor…”

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